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光伏电站曝大规模质量问题

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年05月22日 08:58:06
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腾讯5分彩的数字平台直属招商客服【微信QQ同步】7915171诚招代理龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯5,10分欢乐生肖,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。光伏电站曝大规模质量问题

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(光)(伏)(电)(站)(相)(关)(情)(况)(
  2014年)(中)(国)(光)(伏)(电)(站)(建)(设)(规)(模)(将)(达)(到)(10-12GW,占)(到)(全)(球)(1/4。进)(入)(到)(下)(半)(年)(,将)(迎)(来)(光)(伏)(电)(站)(的)(开)(工)(高)(峰)(期)(。
  截)(至)(2013年)(底)(,全)(国)(22个)(主)(要)(省)(市)(区)(已)(累)(计)(并)(网)(741个)(大)(型)(光)(伏)(发)(电)(项)(目)(,主)(要)(集)(中)(在)(西)(北)(地)(区)(。不)(完)(全)(统)(计)(,2014年)(7月)(上)(市)(公)(司)(公)(布)(在)(建)(或)(拟)(建)(光)(伏)(电)(站)(项)(目)(达)(10个)(,规)(模)(1.1GW。
  然)(而)(目)(前)(,已)(建)(成)(光)(伏)(电)(站)(质)(量)(出)(现)(的)(大)(规)(模)(问)(题)(格)(外)(引)(人)(关)(注)(,其)(中)(包)(括)(大)(型)(地)(面)(电)(站)(的)(组)(件)(背)(板)(开)(裂)(、涂)(层)(减)(薄)(,背)(板)(燃)(烧)(等)(问)(题)(。
  电)(站)(质)(量)(问)(题)(的)(突)(出)(也)(是)(银)(行)(不)(愿)(意)(给)(项)(目)(贷)(款)(的)(主)(要)(原)(因)(。国)(家)(发)(改)(委)(能)(源)(研)(究)(所)(研)(究)(员)(王)(斯)(成)(表)(示)(,9月)(底)(将)(会)(出)(台)(《光)(伏)(电)(站)(性)(能)(检)(测)(与)(质)(量)(评)(估)(技)(术)(规)(范)((征)(求)(意)(见)(稿)()》,关)(注)(光)(伏)(电)(站)(性)(能)(比)(,为)(未)(来)(电)(站)(交)(易)(和)(银)(行)(贷)(款)(提)(供)(依)(据)(。
  国)(内)(电)(站)(质)(量)(问)(题)(显)(现)(
  两)(年)(投)(资)(过)(快)(,再)(加)(上)(投)(资)(门)(槛)(较)(低)(,导)(致)(产)(能)(爆)(发)(,随)(之)(而)(来)(劣)(币)(驱)(逐)(良)(币)(。
  8月)(5日)(,大)(型)(光)(伏)(电)(站)(高)(效)(可)(靠)(运)(营)(与)(发)(电)(增)(效)(研)(讨)(会)(在)(内)(蒙)(古)(呼)(和)(浩)(特)(召)(开)(,会)(上)(国)(家)(发)(改)(委)(能)(源)(研)(究)(所)(研)(究)(员)(王)(斯)(成)(表)(示)(,在)(走)(访)(西)(部)(大)(量)(电)(站)(后)(发)(现)(,电)(站)(在)(运)(行)(一)(段)(时)(间)(后)(存)(在)(着)(大)(量)(问)(题)(。而)(电)(站)(质)(量)(直)(接)(影)(响)(到)(电)(站)(的)(收)(益)(,这)(也)(是)(为)(什)(么)(目)(前)(银)(行)(对)(投)(资)(电)(站)(有)(顾)(虑)(的)(重)(要)(原)(因)(。然)(而)(目)(前)(电)(站)(开)(发)(商)(对)(这)(一)(问)(题)(却)(没)(有)(足)(够)(重)(视)(,这)(对)(行)(业)(来)(说)(是)(一)(个)(伤)(害)(。
  杜)(邦)(电)(子)(与)(通)(讯)(事)(业)(部)(大)(中)(国)(区)(总)(裁)(郑)(宪)(志)(认)(为)(,中)(国)(光)(伏)(行)(业)(前)(两)(年)(投)(资)(过)(快)(,再)(加)(上)(投)(资)(门)(槛)(较)(低)(,导)(致)(产)(能)(爆)(发)(,随)(之)(而)(来)(劣)(币)(驱)(逐)(良)(币)(,很)(多)(电)(站)(开)(发)(商)(为)(了)(追)(求)(投)(资)(的)(成)(本)(,使)(用)(大)(量)(质)(量)(较)(差)(的)(组)(件)(。他)(还)(告)(诉)(记)(者)(,衰)(减)(做)(得)(好)(的)(产)(品)(,每)(一)(年)(发)(电)(量)(的)(衰)(减)(可)(以)(做)(到)(0.5%,而)(一)(些)(没)(有)(经)(过)(检)(验)(的)(产)(品)(,衰)(减)(竟)(超)(过)(5%。
  “虽)(然)(这)(些)(电)(站)(减)(少)(了)(每)(瓦)(的)(装)(机)(成)(本)(,但)(是)(却)(同)(时)(减)(少)(了)(电)(站)(的)(使)(用)(年)(限)(,事)(实)(上)(是)(一)(个)(巨)(大)(的)(损)(失)(。我)(们)(现)(在)(就)(呼)(吁)(电)(站)(的)(开)(发)(商)(要)(忽)(略)(每)(瓦)(的)(建)(造)(成)(本)(,而)(关)(注)(度)(电)(成)(本)(。”郑)(宪)(志)(说)(。
  郑)(宪)(志)(还)(介)(绍)(,经)(过)(杜)(邦)(的)(测)(算)(,电)(站)(使)(用)(年)(限)(按)(照)(25年)(计)(算)(,所)(使)(用)(的)(组)(建)(功)(率)(衰)(减)(0.8%和)(衰)(减)(5%相)(比)(,投)(资)(回)(报)(率)(相)(差)(9.4%。再)(换)(一)(个)(角)(度)(说)(,现)(在)(最)(好)(的)(背)(板)(材)(料)(和)(最)(差)(的)(背)(板)(材)(料)(,在)(每)(瓦)(的)(成)(本)(上)(只)(相)(差)(0.12元)(人)(民)(币)(,也)(就)(是)(说)(发)(电)(发)(25天)(的)(收)(益)(就)(可)(以)(完)(全)(覆)(盖)(这)(个)(成)(本)(。
  郑)(宪)(志)(认)(为)(,使)(用)(质)(量)(得)(不)(到)(保)(障)(的)(光)(伏)(组)(件)(将)(导)(致)(电)(站)(开)(发)(商)(在)(未)(来)(承)(受)(巨)(大)(的)(财)(务)(压)(力)(,这)(个)(压)(力)(会)(在)(5-10年)(后)(显)(现)(出)(来)(,随)(后)(进)(一)(步)(转)(嫁)(到)(贷)(款)(银)(行)(和)(当)(地)(政)(府)(机)(构)(身)(上)(。
  今)(年)(全)(球)(光)(伏)(装)(机)(总)(量)(将)(达)(到)(40GW,其)(中)(中)(国)(就)(占)(大)(约)(10-12GW,下)(半)(年)(就)(将)(迎)(来)(光)(伏)(电)(站)(开)(工)(潮)(,而)(已)(经)(在)(运)(营)(的)(光)(伏)(电)(站)(却)(问)(题)(重)(重)(。
  北)(京)(鉴)(衡)(认)(证)(中)(心)(副)(主)(任)(纪)(振)(双)(则)(给)(出)(了)(一)(组)(数)(据)(,鉴)(衡)(认)(证)(中)(心)(此)(前)(对)(472个)(电)(站)(进)(行)(检)(测)(后)(发)(现)(目)(前)(电)(站)(存)(在)(的)(问)(题)(主)(要)(分)(为)(两)(个)(方)(面)(。第)(一)(是)(电)(站)(系)(统)(角)(度)(,第)(二)(是)(电)(站)(设)(备)(角)(度)(,其)(中)(包)(括)(缺)(陷)(水)(平)(较)(高)(,串)(并)(联)(损)(失)(严)(重)(,质)(保)(不)(能)(得)(到)(保)(障)(,差)(异)(化)(质)(量)(问)(题)(等)(。
  杜)(邦)(对)(此)(也)(做)(过)(调)(查)(,在)(走)(访)(大)(量)(大)(型)(地)(面)(电)(站)(后)(他)(们)(也)(发)(现)(存)(在)(背)(板)(开)(裂)(、涂)(层)(减)(薄)(,背)(板)(燃)(烧)(等)(问)(题)(。
  而)(一)(位)(考)(察)(了)(多)(座)(地)(面)(电)(站)(的)(业)(内)(人)(士)(表)(示)(,他)(看)(到)(有)(些)(电)(站)(相)(邻)(的)(两)(块)(电)(池)(板)(都)(存)(在)(背)(板)(材)(料)(使)(用)(不)(同)(的)(情)(况)(,这)(表)(明)(电)(站)(上)(使)(用)(的)(产)(品)(和)(被)(检)(测)(产)(品)(不)(能)(实)(现)(“一)(致)(性)(”。
  检)(测)(体)(系)(有)(待)(建)(立)(
  19项)(评)(判)(标)(准)(,包)(括)(系)(统)(的)(电)(器)(效)(率)(、组)(件)(衰)(降)(、遮)(挡)(情)(况)(、光)(反)(损)(失)(、MPPT误)(差)(、测)(量)(误)(差)(、故)(障)(情)(况)(和)(运)(行)(维)(护)(水)(平)(。
  国)(家)(发)(改)(委)(能)(源)(研)(究)(所)(研)(究)(员)(王)(斯)(成)(表)(示)(,目)(前)(对)(于)(组)(件)(质)(量)(检)(测)(的)(系)(统)(尚)(不)(规)(范)(,未)(来)(将)(着)(重)(解)(决)(这)(一)(问)(题)(。
  王)(斯)(成)(告)(诉)(记)(者)(,9月)(将)(在)(青)(海)(举)(行)(的)(能)(源)(局)(会)(议)(上)(,将)(出)(台)(《光)(伏)(电)(站)(性)(能)(检)(测)(与)(质)(量)(评)(估)(技)(术)(规)(范)((征)(求)(意)(见)(稿)()》(下)(称)(《技)(术)(规)(范)(》)。《技)(术)(规)(范)(》的)(评)(判)(指)(标)(是)(光)(伏)(电)(站)(性)(能)(比)((performanceratio),对)(于)(光)(伏)(电)(站)(的)(PR共)(有)(19项)(评)(判)(标)(准)(,包)(括)(系)(统)(的)(电)(器)(效)(率)(、组)(件)(衰)(降)(、遮)(挡)(情)(况)(、光)(反)(损)(失)(、MPPT误)(差)(、测)(量)(误)(差)(、故)(障)(情)(况)(和)(运)(行)(维)(护)(水)(平)(。这)(个)(指)(标)(排)(除)(了)(地)(域)(和)(资)(源)(差)(异)(,比)(较)(客)(观)(地)(反)(映)(了)(光)(伏)(系)(统)(自)(身)(的)(性)(能)(和)(质)(量)(。
  “通)(过)(这)(个)(报)(告)(就)(可)(以)(告)(诉)(投)(资)(者)(,这)(个)(电)(站)(的)(综)(合)(发)(电)(效)(率)(是)(多)(少)(,效)(率)(不)(高)(具)(体)(是)(出)(在)(什)(么)(问)(题)(。”王)(斯)(成)(介)(绍)(说)(。
  王)(斯)(成)(告)(诉)(记)(者)(,PR标)(准)(事)(实)(上)(早)(已)(有)(之)(,只)(是)(此)(前)(都)(没)(有)(人)(实)(施)(,《技)(术)(规)(范)(》发)(布)(后)(将)(对)(未)(来)(的)(电)(站)(交)(易)(和)(银)(行)(贷)(款)(有)(很)(大)(意)(义)(,将)(作)(为)(一)(个)(重)(要)(的)(参)(考)(标)(准)(。这)(个)(《技)(术)(规)(范)(》的)(检)(测)(将)(在)(电)(站)(建)(成)(后)(1个)(月)(时)(间)(或)(者)(1年)(时)(间)(之)(后)(完)(成)(,对)(电)(站)(真)(正)(的)(运)(营)(情)(况)(有)(客)(观)(描)(述)(。
  另)(外)(,王)(斯)(成)(也)(表)(示)(鉴)(于)(被)(检)(测)(产)(品)(和)(最)(后)(批)(量)(用)(在)(电)(站)(上)(的)(产)(品)(存)(在)(不)(能)(“一)(致)(性)(”的)(问)(题)(,建)(议)(检)(测)(单)(位)(加)(强)(抽)(检)(力)(度)(。
  杜)(邦)(电)(子)(与)(通)(讯)(事)(业)(部)(大)(中)(国)(区)(总)(裁)(郑)(宪)(志)(表)(示)(,目)(前)(行)(业)(中)(最)(关)(注)(电)(站)(质)(量)(的)(就)(是)(那)(些)(自)(己)(持)(有)(电)(站)(的)(企)(业)(,如)(中)(电)(投)(、中)(广)(核)(、三)(峡)(和)(中)(节)(能)(等)(电)(站)(持)(有)(者)(,其)(对)(材)(料)(质)(量)(会)(重)(视)(。在)(接)(触)(中)(他)(也)(发)(现)(,已)(经)(有)(一)(部)(分)(银)(行)(开)(始)(意)(识)(到)(质)(量)(对)(收)(益)(率)(的)(重)(要)(作)(用)(,开)(始)(在)(提)(供)(项)(目)(融)(资)(时)(要)(求)(出)(示)(组)(件)(材)(料)(的)(认)(证)(情)(况)(。
  中)(国)(金)(融)(租)(赁)(有)(限)(公)(司)((下)(称)(中)(金)()战)(略)(部)(总)(经)(理)(袁)(健)(雄)(告)(诉)(记)(者)(,中)(金)(在)(电)(站)(投)(资)(中)(主)(要)(关)(注)(的)(有)(以)(下)(六)(个)(方)(面)(的)(问)(题)(,包)(括)(光)(资)(源)(、土)(地)(出)(让)(和)(租)(赁)(、组)(件)(质)(量)(、EPC工)(程)(质)(量)(、输)(变)(线)(路)(的)(接)(口)(准)(入)(与)(限)(电)(情)(况)(和)(补)(贴)(到)(位)(情)(况)(,其)(中)(组)(件)(质)(量)(情)(况)(就)(是)(一)(个)(关)(注)(的)(重)(点)(。
  不)(过)(也)(有)(业)(内)(企)(业)(反)(映)(,目)(前)(有)(些)(开)(发)(商)(不)(太)(注)(重)(组)(件)(产)(品)(的)(质)(量)(也)(是)(迫)(不)(得)(已)(,一)(位)(开)(发)(商)(就)(对)(自)(己)(表)(示)(,在)(电)(站)(抢)(装)(的)(时)(期)(,能)(买)(到)(什)(么)(组)(件)(就)(往)(电)(站)(上)(装)(,根)(本)(就)(来)(不)(及)(考)(虑)(组)(件)(质)(量)(。
  郑)(宪)(志)(认)(为)(,每)(个)(行)(业)(都)(有)(阵)(痛)(期)(,国)(内)(电)(站)(只)(有)(在)(运)(营)(效)(率)(上)(提)(升)(,专)(注)(质)(量)(而)(不)(是)(成)(本)(,才)(能)(保)(障)(电)(站)(25年)(的)(生)(命)(,才)(能)(吸)(引)(资)(本)(的)(进)(入)(,让)(行)(业)(持)(续)(发)(展)(。(编)(辑)(陈)(龙)()
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