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媒体评论称中国人海外扫货凸显国内改革滞后

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年05月22日 09:00:13
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(易)(逆)(差)(突)(破)(1000亿)(美)(元)(已)(成)(定)(局)(。日)(前)(发)(布)(的)(《中)(国)(公)(民)(出)(境)((城)(市)()旅)(游)(消)(费)(市)(场)(调)(查)(报)(告)(》称)(,目)(前)(我)(国)(游)(客)(境)(外)(人)(均)(花)(费)(近)(2万)(元)(人)(民)(币)(,用)(于)(购)(物)(的)(约)(占)(58%。(据)(新)(华)(社)()
  每)(逢)(节)(假)(日)(,“步)(步)(高)(”的)(景)(区)(门)(票)(总)(是)(被)(热)(议)(的)(话)(题)(,一)(些)(名)(胜)(古)(迹)(的)(票)(价)(已)(令)(人)(望)(而)(却)(步)(。在)(国)(内)(,价)(格)(高)(高)(在)(上)(的)(不)(仅)(是)(门)(票)(,还)(有)(各)(类)(消)(费)(品)(价)(格)(。商)(务)(部)(一)(项)(调)(查)(显)(示)(,就)(国)(内)(外)(价)(差)(而)(言)(,手)(表)(、箱)(包)(、服)(装)(、酒)(、电)(子)(产)(品)(等)(产)(品)(的)(20种)(进)(口)(品)(牌)(高)(档)(消)(费)(品)(,我)(国)(大)(陆)(市)(场)(平)(均)(价)(格)(比)(香)(港)(地)(区)(高)(出)(45%左)(右)(,比)(美)(国)(高)(51%,比)(法)(国)(高)(72%。今)(年)(我)(国)(出)(境)(游)(预)(计)(超)(过)(1亿)(人)(次)(,境)(外)(免)(税)(店)(相)(对)(便)(宜)(的)(价)(格)(吸)(引)(其)(中)(不)(少)(游)(客)(,“只)(需)(要)(买)(几)(个)(包)(或)(几)(块)(腕)(表)(,省)(下)(来)(差)(价)(就)(能)(把)(机)(票)(钱)(赚)(回)(来)(”。
  近)(年)(来)(,海)(外)(淘)(货)(逐)(渐)(成)(为)(中)(国)(人)(境)(外)(旅)(行)(的)(重)(要)(内)(容)(,吸)(引)(国)(人)(的)(不)(仅)(是)(高)(档)(消)(费)(品)(,还)(有)(许)(多)(中)(端)(普)(通)(消)(费)(品)(。从)(电)(器)(、服)(装)(、箱)(包)(,到)(化)(妆)(品)(、食)(品)(、酒)(类)(,普)(通)(消)(费)(品)(的)(国)(际)(市)(场)(价)(格)(大)(都)(比)(国)(内)(市)(场)(便)(宜)(不)(少)(,而)(且)(往)(往)(质)(量)(更)(优)(。这)(就)(难)(怪)(无)(论)(“土)(豪)(”还)(是)(工)(薪)(阶)(层)(,出)(境)(旅)(游)(归)(来)(都)(要)(大)(包)(小)(裹)(地)(带)(上)(一)(堆)(“战)(利)(品)(”。据)(统)(计)(,2013年)(我)(国)(居)(民)(出)(境)(旅)(游)(人)(均)(花)(费)(1370美)(元)(,相)(当)(于)(我)(国)(入)(境)(旅)(游)(者)(人)(均)(消)(费)(的)(3倍)(。中)(国)(人)(出)(境)(人)(数)(快)(速)(增)(长)(,而)(且)(出)(境)(人)(均)(消)(费)(金)(额)(远)(高)(于)(入)(境)(者)(,高)(达)(千)(亿)(美)(元)(的)(出)(入)(境)(旅)(游)(贸)(易)(逆)(差)(由)(此)(形)(成)(。
  中)(国)(人)(海)(外)(扫)(货)(导)(致)(的)(“肥)(水)(”外)(流)(,虽)(然)(可)(以)(平)(衡)(我)(国)(国)(际)(贸)(易)(顺)(差)(、减)(轻)(外)(汇)(储)(备)(压)(力)(,但)(从)(长)(久)(看)(,外)(流)(不)(利)(提)(振)(内)(需)(、扩)(大)(消)(费)(和)(经)(济)(结)(构)(转)(型)(。中)(国)(人)(海)(外)(扫)(货)(背)(后)(的)(原)(因)(复)(杂)(,其)(中)(有)(我)(国)(总)(体)(消)(费)(环)(境)(较)(差)(、品)(牌)(建)(设)(不)(足)(、假)(货)(横)(行)(等)(问)(题)(。导)(致)(海)(外)(扫)(货)(这)(一)(现)(象)(的)(直)(接)(原)(因)(则)(是)(,我)(国)(中)(高)(档)(商)(品)(进)(口)(关)(税)(偏)(高)(,以)(及)(国)(内)(免)(税)(购)(物)(发)(展)(水)(平)(落)(后)(。
  目)(前)(我)(国)(针)(对)(中)(高)(端)(消)(费)(品)(的)(进)(口)(关)(税)(有)(虚)(高)(成)(分)(,有)(关)(专)(家)(指)(出)(,“至)(少)(可)(以)(下)(调)(10%”。虚)(高)(关)(税)(抬)(高)(了)(进)(口)(商)(品)(的)(价)(格)(,研)(究)(显)(示)(,如)(果)(下)(调)(10个)(百)(分)(点)(,中)(国)(人)(海)(外)(扫)(货)(可)(回)(流)(3000亿)(元)(人)(民)(币)(。同)(时)(,低)(关)(税)(会)(吸)(引)(更)(多)(海)(外)(品)(牌)(进)(驻)(中)(国)(,进)(而)(增)(加)(就)(业)(并)(带)(动)(其)(他)(税)(收)(增)(加)(。好)(处)(多)(多)(,却)(为)(何)(迟)(迟)(不)(见)(改)(革)(行)(动)(?降)(低)(关)(税)(是)(涉)(及)(中)(央)(和)(地)(方)(的)(税)(收)(分)(配)(调)(整)(的)(重)(大)(利)(益)(问)(题)(。中)(央)(财)(政)(对)(海)(关)(关)(税)(及)(代)(征)(税)(的)(依)(赖)(度)(达)(30%以)(上)(,降)(低)(中)(高)(端)(商)(品)(的)(进)(口)(关)(税)(,将)(直)(接)(影)(响)(中)(央)(税)(收)(。
  国)(内)(免)(税)(购)(物)(发)(展)(水)(平)(落)(后)(,从)(某)(种)(层)(面)(看)(,与)(关)(税)(虚)(高)(的)(“病)(因)(”类)(似)(—如)(果)(消)(费)(者)(大)(量)(从)(免)(税)(店)(购)(买)(商)(品)(,无)(疑)(会)(让)(一)(些)(部)(门)(“收)(成)(”减)(少)(、利)(益)(受)(损)(。目)(前)(中)(国)(的)(进)(境)(口)(岸)(免)(税)(店)(很)(少)(,集)(中)(在)(北)(京)(、上)(海)(、海)(口)(、厦)(门)(等)(少)(数)(几)(个)(城)(市)(。这)(类)(免)(税)(店)(业)(态)(单)(一)(,销)(售)(商)(品)(以)(高)(档)(化)(妆)(品)(、烟)(酒)(为)(主)(,营)(收)(占)(全)(球)(份)(额)(很)(低)(。据)(介)(绍)(,目)(前)(中)(国)(现)(有)(口)(岸)(免)(税)(店)(一)(年)(的)(免)(税)(购)(物)(额)(和)(一)(个)(济)(州)(岛)(差)(不)(多)(。
  当)(前)(中)(国)(经)(济)(下)(行)(压)(力)(较)(大)(,拉)(动)(内)(需)(、促)(进)(消)(费)(是)(经)(济)(增)(长)(和)(结)(构)(调)(整)(过)(程)(中)(至)(关)(重)(要)(的)(一)(环)(。有)(关)(政)(府)(部)(门)(应)(该)(加)(大)(税)(制)(改)(革)(力)(度)(,加)(快)(国)(内)(免)(税)(购)(物)(的)(发)(展)(,通)(过)(让)(利)(于)(民)(的)(方)(式)(,使)(老)(百)(姓)(更)(愿)(意)(把)(钱)(花)(在)(国)(内)(,最)(终)(引)(导)(经)(济)(健)(康)(发)(展)(。点)(击)(进)(入)(【股)(友)(会)(】参)(与)(讨)(论)(
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